Entanglement entropy for a periodic chain

0 votes
asked May 8 by jacopovit (120 points)

Hi All,

I am very new of tensor network techniques and I have three very naive questions. I would like to measure the ground state entaglement entropy of an interval A that extends between the sites m and m+l of an XXZ chain and the rest fo the chain. I am interested in three cases:

1) The full chain has periodic boundary conditions
2)The full chain has open boundary conditions.
3)The full chain is infinite

How this can be done?

Thanks a lot!

1 Answer

+1 vote
answered May 10 by hermit0308 (640 points)

Hi Jacopovit,

We are always suggested using MPS with open boundary conditions in ITensor. So even if it is a Hamiltonian with PBC, we express the eigenstate with MPS with OBC. Although this would require more memory, it's convenient to compute entanglement entropy for intervals extended to the end by SVD only on a single bond.

The measurement of entanglement entropy of an interval inside a chain is similar in three cases. A similar question is discussed here http://itensor.org/support/229/evaluate-block-entanglement-blocks-that-extend-the-lattice?show=230#a230. The main problem is if "l" is very big, it's impossible to do with MPS. But we could calculate the second order Renyi entropy by a sampling method, which is very similar to "perfect sampling" in a paper by Ferris and Vidal.


commented May 10 by jacopovit (120 points)
Thanks a lot,
for the very clear answer.
commented May 13 by miles (15,200 points)
Thanks for the helpful answer Jin!
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